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QCPScatterStyle Class Reference

Represents the visual appearance of scatter points. More...

Public Types

enum  ScatterProperty
 
enum  ScatterShape
 

Public Functions

 QCPScatterStyle ()
 
 QCPScatterStyle (ScatterShape shape, double size=6)
 
 QCPScatterStyle (ScatterShape shape, const QColor &color, double size)
 
 QCPScatterStyle (ScatterShape shape, const QColor &color, const QColor &fill, double size)
 
 QCPScatterStyle (ScatterShape shape, const QPen &pen, const QBrush &brush, double size)
 
 QCPScatterStyle (const QPixmap &pixmap)
 
 QCPScatterStyle (const QPainterPath &customPath, const QPen &pen, const QBrush &brush=Qt::NoBrush, double size=6)
 
double size () const
 
ScatterShape shape () const
 
QPen pen () const
 
QBrush brush () const
 
QPixmap pixmap () const
 
QPainterPath customPath () const
 
void setFromOther (const QCPScatterStyle &other, ScatterProperties properties)
 
void setSize (double size)
 
void setShape (ScatterShape shape)
 
void setPen (const QPen &pen)
 
void setBrush (const QBrush &brush)
 
void setPixmap (const QPixmap &pixmap)
 
void setCustomPath (const QPainterPath &customPath)
 
bool isNone () const
 
bool isPenDefined () const
 
void undefinePen ()
 
void applyTo (QCPPainter *painter, const QPen &defaultPen) const
 
void drawShape (QCPPainter *painter, const QPointF &pos) const
 
void drawShape (QCPPainter *painter, double x, double y) const
 

Detailed Description

Represents the visual appearance of scatter points.

This class holds information about shape, color and size of scatter points. In plottables like QCPGraph it is used to store how scatter points shall be drawn. For example, QCPGraph::setScatterStyle takes a QCPScatterStyle instance.

A scatter style consists of a shape (setShape), a line color (setPen) and possibly a fill (setBrush), if the shape provides a fillable area. Further, the size of the shape can be controlled with setSize.

Specifying a scatter style

You can set all these configurations either by calling the respective functions on an instance:

QCPScatterStyle myScatter;
myScatter.setPen(QPen(Qt::blue));
myScatter.setBrush(Qt::white);
myScatter.setSize(5);
customPlot->graph(0)->setScatterStyle(myScatter);

Or you can use one of the various constructors that take different parameter combinations, making it easy to specify a scatter style in a single call, like so:

customPlot->graph(0)->setScatterStyle(QCPScatterStyle(QCPScatterStyle::ssCircle, Qt::blue, Qt::white, 5));

Leaving the color/pen up to the plottable

There are two constructors which leave the pen undefined: QCPScatterStyle() and QCPScatterStyle(ScatterShape shape, double size). If those constructors are used, a call to isPenDefined will return false. It leads to scatter points that inherit the pen from the plottable that uses the scatter style. Thus, if such a scatter style is passed to QCPGraph, the line color of the graph (QCPGraph::setPen) will be used by the scatter points. This makes it very convenient to set up typical scatter settings:

customPlot->graph(0)->setScatterStyle(QCPScatterStyle::ssPlus);

Notice that it wasn't even necessary to explicitly call a QCPScatterStyle constructor. This works because QCPScatterStyle provides a constructor that can transform a ScatterShape directly into a QCPScatterStyle instance (that's the QCPScatterStyle(ScatterShape shape, double size) constructor with a default for size). In those cases, C++ allows directly supplying a ScatterShape, where actually a QCPScatterStyle is expected.

Custom shapes and pixmaps

QCPScatterStyle supports drawing custom shapes and arbitrary pixmaps as scatter points.

For custom shapes, you can provide a QPainterPath with the desired shape to the setCustomPath function or call the constructor that takes a painter path. The scatter shape will automatically be set to ssCustom.

For pixmaps, you call setPixmap with the desired QPixmap. Alternatively you can use the constructor that takes a QPixmap. The scatter shape will automatically be set to ssPixmap. Note that setSize does not influence the appearance of the pixmap.

Member Enumeration Documentation

§ ScatterProperty

Represents the various properties of a scatter style instance. For example, this enum is used to specify which properties of QCPSelectionDecorator::setScatterStyle will be used when highlighting selected data points.

Specific scatter properties can be transferred between QCPScatterStyle instances via setFromOther.

Enumerator
spNone 

0x00 None

spPen 

0x01 The pen property, see setPen

spBrush 

0x02 The brush property, see setBrush

spSize 

0x04 The size property, see setSize

spShape 

0x08 The shape property, see setShape

spAll 

0xFF All properties

§ ScatterShape

Defines the shape used for scatter points.

On plottables/items that draw scatters, the sizes of these visualizations (with exception of ssDot and ssPixmap) can be controlled with the setSize function. Scatters are drawn with the pen and brush specified with setPen and setBrush.

Enumerator
ssNone 

no scatter symbols are drawn (e.g. in QCPGraph, data only represented with lines)

ssDot 
ssDot.png

a single pixel (use ssDisc or ssCircle if you want a round shape with a certain radius)

ssCross 
ssCross.png

a cross

ssPlus 
ssPlus.png

a plus

ssCircle 
ssCircle.png

a circle

ssDisc 
ssDisc.png

a circle which is filled with the pen's color (not the brush as with ssCircle)

ssSquare 
ssSquare.png

a square

ssDiamond 
ssDiamond.png

a diamond

ssStar 
ssStar.png

a star with eight arms, i.e. a combination of cross and plus

ssTriangle 
ssTriangle.png

an equilateral triangle, standing on baseline

ssTriangleInverted 
ssTriangleInverted.png

an equilateral triangle, standing on corner

ssCrossSquare 
ssCrossSquare.png

a square with a cross inside

ssPlusSquare 
ssPlusSquare.png

a square with a plus inside

ssCrossCircle 
ssCrossCircle.png

a circle with a cross inside

ssPlusCircle 
ssPlusCircle.png

a circle with a plus inside

ssPeace 
ssPeace.png

a circle, with one vertical and two downward diagonal lines

ssPixmap 

a custom pixmap specified by setPixmap, centered on the data point coordinates

ssCustom 

custom painter operations are performed per scatter (As QPainterPath, see setCustomPath)

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

§ QCPScatterStyle() [1/7]

QCPScatterStyle::QCPScatterStyle ( )

Creates a new QCPScatterStyle instance with size set to 6. No shape, pen or brush is defined.

Since the pen is undefined (isPenDefined returns false), the scatter color will be inherited from the plottable that uses this scatter style.

§ QCPScatterStyle() [2/7]

QCPScatterStyle::QCPScatterStyle ( ScatterShape  shape,
double  size = 6 
)

Creates a new QCPScatterStyle instance with shape set to shape and size to size. No pen or brush is defined.

Since the pen is undefined (isPenDefined returns false), the scatter color will be inherited from the plottable that uses this scatter style.

§ QCPScatterStyle() [3/7]

QCPScatterStyle::QCPScatterStyle ( ScatterShape  shape,
const QColor &  color,
double  size 
)

Creates a new QCPScatterStyle instance with shape set to shape, the pen color set to color, and size to size. No brush is defined, i.e. the scatter point will not be filled.

§ QCPScatterStyle() [4/7]

QCPScatterStyle::QCPScatterStyle ( ScatterShape  shape,
const QColor &  color,
const QColor &  fill,
double  size 
)

Creates a new QCPScatterStyle instance with shape set to shape, the pen color set to color, the brush color to fill (with a solid pattern), and size to size.

§ QCPScatterStyle() [5/7]

QCPScatterStyle::QCPScatterStyle ( ScatterShape  shape,
const QPen &  pen,
const QBrush &  brush,
double  size 
)

Creates a new QCPScatterStyle instance with shape set to shape, the pen set to pen, the brush to brush, and size to size.

Warning
In some cases it might be tempting to directly use a pen style like Qt::NoPen as pen and a color like Qt::blue as brush. Notice however, that the corresponding call
QCPScatterStyle(QCPScatterShape::ssCircle, Qt::NoPen, Qt::blue, 5)
doesn't necessarily lead C++ to use this constructor in some cases, but might mistake Qt::NoPen for a QColor and use the QCPScatterStyle(ScatterShape shape, const QColor &color, const QColor &fill, double size) constructor instead (which will lead to an unexpected look of the scatter points). To prevent this, be more explicit with the parameter types. For example, use QBrush(Qt::blue) instead of just Qt::blue, to clearly point out to the compiler that this constructor is wanted.

§ QCPScatterStyle() [6/7]

QCPScatterStyle::QCPScatterStyle ( const QPixmap &  pixmap)

Creates a new QCPScatterStyle instance which will show the specified pixmap. The scatter shape is set to ssPixmap.

§ QCPScatterStyle() [7/7]

QCPScatterStyle::QCPScatterStyle ( const QPainterPath &  customPath,
const QPen &  pen,
const QBrush &  brush = Qt::NoBrush,
double  size = 6 
)

Creates a new QCPScatterStyle instance with a custom shape that is defined via customPath. The scatter shape is set to ssCustom.

The custom shape line will be drawn with pen and filled with brush. The size has a slightly different meaning than for built-in scatter points: The custom path will be drawn scaled by a factor of size/6.0. Since the default size is 6, the custom path will appear at a its natural size by default. To double the size of the path for example, set size to 12.

Member Function Documentation

§ setFromOther()

void QCPScatterStyle::setFromOther ( const QCPScatterStyle other,
ScatterProperties  properties 
)

Copies the specified properties from the other scatter style to this scatter style.

§ setSize()

void QCPScatterStyle::setSize ( double  size)

Sets the size (pixel diameter) of the drawn scatter points to size.

See also
setShape

§ setShape()

void QCPScatterStyle::setShape ( QCPScatterStyle::ScatterShape  shape)

Sets the shape to shape.

Note that the calls setPixmap and setCustomPath automatically set the shape to ssPixmap and ssCustom, respectively.

See also
setSize

§ setPen()

void QCPScatterStyle::setPen ( const QPen &  pen)

Sets the pen that will be used to draw scatter points to pen.

If the pen was previously undefined (see isPenDefined), the pen is considered defined after a call to this function, even if pen is Qt::NoPen. If you have defined a pen previously by calling this function and now wish to undefine the pen, call undefinePen.

See also
setBrush

§ setBrush()

void QCPScatterStyle::setBrush ( const QBrush &  brush)

Sets the brush that will be used to fill scatter points to brush. Note that not all scatter shapes have fillable areas. For example, ssPlus does not while ssCircle does.

See also
setPen

§ setPixmap()

void QCPScatterStyle::setPixmap ( const QPixmap &  pixmap)

Sets the pixmap that will be drawn as scatter point to pixmap.

Note that setSize does not influence the appearance of the pixmap.

The scatter shape is automatically set to ssPixmap.

§ setCustomPath()

void QCPScatterStyle::setCustomPath ( const QPainterPath &  customPath)

Sets the custom shape that will be drawn as scatter point to customPath.

The scatter shape is automatically set to ssCustom.

§ isNone()

bool QCPScatterStyle::isNone ( ) const
inline

Returns whether the scatter shape is ssNone.

See also
setShape

§ isPenDefined()

bool QCPScatterStyle::isPenDefined ( ) const
inline

Returns whether a pen has been defined for this scatter style.

The pen is undefined if a constructor is called that does not carry pen as parameter. Those are QCPScatterStyle() and QCPScatterStyle(ScatterShape shape, double size). If the pen is undefined, the pen of the respective plottable will be used for drawing scatters.

If a pen was defined for this scatter style instance, and you now wish to undefine the pen, call undefinePen.

See also
setPen

§ undefinePen()

void QCPScatterStyle::undefinePen ( )

Sets this scatter style to have an undefined pen (see isPenDefined for what an undefined pen implies).

A call to setPen will define a pen.

§ applyTo()

void QCPScatterStyle::applyTo ( QCPPainter painter,
const QPen &  defaultPen 
) const

Applies the pen and the brush of this scatter style to painter. If this scatter style has an undefined pen (isPenDefined), sets the pen of painter to defaultPen instead.

This function is used by plottables (or any class that wants to draw scatters) just before a number of scatters with this style shall be drawn with the painter.

See also
drawShape

§ drawShape() [1/2]

void QCPScatterStyle::drawShape ( QCPPainter painter,
const QPointF &  pos 
) const

Draws the scatter shape with painter at position pos.

This function does not modify the pen or the brush on the painter, as applyTo is meant to be called before scatter points are drawn with drawShape.

See also
applyTo

§ drawShape() [2/2]

void QCPScatterStyle::drawShape ( QCPPainter painter,
double  x,
double  y 
) const

This is an overloaded function. Draws the scatter shape with painter at position x and y.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following files: